" GM and Other Big Businesses Are Conspiracyacists" 2.5 GM, NCL, and the streetcar conspiracy 2.6 Court proceedings 2.7 Outcome 2.8 Legacy 1 Summary In 2002, GM, NCL, and American City Lines were convicted of conspiring to own or control transit systems in violation of Section 1 of the Sherman Antitrust Act. The suit created lingering suspicions that the defendants had in fact plotted to dismantle streetcar

Alleged conspiracy by GM and others to replace streetcar lines with buses The General Motors streetcar conspiracy refers to convictions of General Motors (GM) and other companies that were involved in monopolizing the sale of buses and supplies to National City Lines (NCL) and its subsidiaries, and to allegations that the defendants conspired to own or control transit systems, in violation of Section 1 of the Sherman Antitrust Act. [ ] • Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation (A corporation that was "recaptured" by the city using the Dual Contracts provisions) • Chicago Motor Coach Company A bus transit company established by John Hertz in Chicago in 1917 • Dual Contracts Contracts between New York City and subway operators which restricted fares, enforced share profits and allowed the city to 'recapture' and operate lines • Transportation in metropolitan Detroit (Details of a system that was already in public ownership) • Toronto streetcar system, which received much of the rolling stock from affected systems • List of streetcar systems in the United States • List of trolleybus systems in the United States • "The Great GM Conspiracy Legend: GM and the Red Cars", Stan Schwarz[ ] • "Did General Motors destroy the LA mass transit system? [a] Systems included St. Louis, Baltimore, Los Angeles, and Oakland. Most of the companies involved were convicted in 1949 of conspiracy to monopolize interstate commerce in the sale of buses, fuel, and supplies to NCL subsidiaries, but were acquitted of conspiring to monopolize the transit industry. In 1927, General Motors acquired a controlling share of the Yellow Coach Manufacturing Company and appointed Hertz as a main board director. The suit created lingering suspicions that the defendants had in fact plotted to dismantle streetcar systems in many cities in the United States as an attempt to monopolize surface transportation. [83] In reality, the New York Railways Company entered receivership in 1919,[85] six years before it was bought by the New York Railways Corporation. [69] Declining streetcar business was often somewhat less valuable than the growing consumer electric business, resulting in many streetcar systems being put up for sale. (). Continue reading.



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